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Green Building Sourcebook

 Components of Green Buildings

Siting and Landscape

  • Building oriented to utilize natural heating and cooling features
  • Building near public transportation and bike/walking paths
  • Retention of natural habitat areas for wildlife
  • Retention of native plants/replanting with native plants
  • Low pesticide and herbicide use for landscape maintenance
  • Rainwater or graywater retention for landscape use

Building Design

  • Increased natural lighting
  • Use of renewable energy sources
  • Energy-efficient building systems
  • High indoor air quality goals
  • Energy and water-efficient appliances
  • Less-toxic building materials
  • Recycled-content building materials

Construction Practices

  • Water pollution impact reduced during construction
  • Protection of trees and topsoil during sitework
  • Construction waste reduction and recycling
  • Exposure to toxic materials reduced
  • Water and electricity-conserving practices used on construction site

Building Use

  • Built-in recycling systems
  • Less toxic cleaning products
  • Less toxic pest control products
  • Adequate maintenance of appliances and heating/cooling systems
  • Building reuse/remolding instead of demolition

source: Virginia Housing and the Environment Network, Regenerations, Vol.2, Issue No. 1.

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